Monthly Economic Update - December 2021
Monthly Economic Update
Presented by Kelly Financial Group, December 2021
Reports of a new COVID-19 variant in late November roiled markets as a wave of selling erased the month’s earlier gains.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average took the hardest hit, dropping 3.73 percent. The Standard & Poor’s 500 Index fell 0.83 percent while the Nasdaq Composite managed a small gain of 0.25 percent.1
The markets were blindsided by news over Thanksgiving Day of the emergence of a new strain of COVID-19, which led to travel bans by multiple countries and renewed unease about the prospect of a return to economic and social restrictions.
The potential global spread of this new COVID-19 variant Omicron triggered fears of another round of economic deceleration, sending investors back to their pandemic playbook of selling travel and leisure, financials, energy, and cyclicals and buying pharmaceutical companies and stay-at-home stocks.
The sharp drop on Friday, November 26, was exacerbated by reduced liquidity in the markets due to many traders being absent on this normally quiet post-holiday, shortened trading session. Stocks rebounded as traders returned to work on the following Monday but were unable to hold their gains on the month’s final trading day.
Upbeat Company Reports
The month had started off on a strong note, helped by a string of positive corporate earnings surprises, optimistic forward guidance from companies, and solid economic data. Investors were particularly encouraged by the fact that businesses had navigated the challenges of a surge in Delta variant infections in the third quarter, rising inflation, and supply chain bottlenecks.
Developments in Federal Reserve policy dominated much investor attention throughout the course of November. The first of these was the Fed announcement that it would begin its bond tapering program. Markets were unfazed by this news as they had long anticipated that the Fed would soon commence paring back its monthly bond purchases.
The second was the uncertainty surrounding whether Jerome Powell would be renominated to serve another four years as Fed chair. When President Biden finally announced his decision to renominate Powell, bond yields rose as investors became more certain that the Fed’s monetary normalization policy would proceed as planned.
The consensus narrative of healthy economic expansion in 2022 was left a bit dented by the introduction of the Omicron variant. Many questions surround the new variant and its impact on global economies. Markets don’t always respond efficiently within an information void, creating the potential for further volatility until more is known about Omicron.
Industry sector performance was mixed in November. Gains were posted in Consumer Discretionary (+3.03 percent), Consumer Staples (+1.25 percent), Materials (+1.97 percent), Real Estate (+1.21 percent), Technology (+5.33 percent), and Utilities (+1.26 percent). Losses were experienced in Communications Services (-3.06 percent), Energy (-2.73 percent), Financials (-3.40 percent), Health Care (-1.11 percent), and Industrials (-1.05 percent).2
What Investors May Be Talking About in December
In the coming weeks, markets will be sorting out news from Washington, updates on COVID variant Omicron, and economic reports.
On the economic front, investors are expected to keep a close eye on retail sales for the month of November, which are scheduled for release December 15. The November report will include the post-Thanksgiving start to the holiday shopping season and potentially be an advanced read on whether the supply chain bottlenecks might hamper holiday sales.3
Another anticipated report will be the Consumer Price Index, which will give an update on inflation trends. It’s due on December 10. If inflation continues to run hot, it may test investor confidence.4
T I P O F T H E M O N T H
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A resurgence of Delta variant infections, spreading economic and social restrictions, and the emergence of a new COVID-19 variant sent international stocks broadly lower, with the MSCI-EAFE Index falling 3.79 percent in November.5
Major European markets dropped, with losses in Germany (-3.75 percent), the U.K. (-2.46 percent), and France (-1.60 percent).6
Pacific Rim markets also were under pressure. Hong Kong lost 7.49 percent, Japan tumbled 3.71 percent, and Australia slipped 0.92 percent.7
Gross Domestic Product: Economic growth in the third quarter was revised slightly higher, to 2.1 percent from 2.0 percent.8
Employment: Job growth rebounded as employers added 531,000 jobs in October. The unemployment rate fell to 4.6 percent, though the labor participation rate stayed stubbornly low at 61.6 percent.9
Retail Sales: Retail sales rose 1.7 percent, exceeding expectations. This gain was, in part, attributed to higher costs and the pulling forward of holiday shopping as consumers worried about low inventory during the holiday season.10
Industrial Production: Industrial output rose 1.6 percent in October, reversing September’s slide. About half of the monthly gain was attributed to the recovery from Hurricane Ida.11
Housing: Housing starts slipped 0.7 percent in October, a surprise downturn for market watchers who had expected an increase.12
Existing home sales rose 0.8 percent, though it was off 5.8 percent from October 2020, which represents a cyclical high.13
New home sales increased 0.4 percent, though they were lower by 23.0 percent from a year earlier. The median price jumped nearly 18.0 percent year-over-year to $407,700.14
Consumer Price Index: The prices of consumer goods and services increased 0.9 percent in October and jumped by 6.2 percent year-over-year. This represented the fifth straight month of over 5 percent annualized inflation and the sharpest year-over-year increase since 1990.15
Durable Goods Orders: Orders for long-lasting goods fell 0.5 percent, the second straight month of declines. However, excluding transportation, durable goods orders increased by 0.5 percent.16
Q U O T E O F T H E M O N T H
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Minutes from the November Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting showed an increasing concern over the persistence of inflation with the admission that inflationary pressures may take longer to abate than previously anticipated.
“The (Fed’s) near-term outlook for inflation was revised up, as consumer food and energy prices had risen faster than expected and production bottlenecks and recent wage gains were seen as putting somewhat greater upward pressure on prices than had been anticipated,” according to the minutes released following the Fed’s two-day meeting that ended November 3.17
Reflecting that concern, several officials suggested that the Fed’s bond tapering program may have to be accelerated in order to be ready to raise rates should inflation persist.18
10 YR TREASURY
Sources: Yahoo Finance, November 30, 2021
Indices are unmanaged, do not incur fees or expenses, and cannot be invested into directly. These returns do not include dividends. 10-year Treasury real yield = projected return on investment, expressed as a percentage, on the U.S. government’s 10-year bond.
T H E M O N T H L Y R I D D L E
You see a large truck stopped just before the underpass of a low bridge. The driver informs you that his truck is 1" higher than the maximum clearance. This is the only road to his destination. What is the easiest way to help him get his truck through the underpass?
LAST MONTH’S RIDDLE: When can you add two to eleven and get one as the correct answer?
ANSWER: When you are figuring time. When you add two hours to eleven o'clock, you get one o'clock.
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This material was prepared by MarketingPro, Inc., and does not necessarily represent the views of the presenting party, nor their affiliates. The information herein has been derived from sources believed to be accurate. Please note - investing involves risk, and past performance is no guarantee of future results. Investments will fluctuate and when redeemed may be worth more or less than when originally invested. This information should not be construed as investment, tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for the purpose of avoiding any Federal tax penalty. This is neither a solicitation nor recommendation to purchase or sell any investment or insurance product or service, and should not be relied upon as such. All market indices discussed are unmanaged and are not illustrative of any particular investment. Indices do not incur management fees, costs, or expenses. Investors cannot invest directly in indices. All economic and performance data is historical and not indicative of future results. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is a price-weighted index of 30 actively traded blue-chip stocks. The NASDAQ Composite Index is a market-weighted index of all over-the-counter common stocks traded on the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation System. The Standard & Poor's 500 (S&P 500) is a market-cap weighted index composed of the common stocks of 500 leading companies in leading industries of the U.S. economy. The Russell 2000 Index measures the performance of the small-cap segment of the U.S. equity universe. The CBOE Volatility Index® (VIX®) is a key measure of market expectations of near-term volatility conveyed by S&P 500 stock index option prices. NYSE Group, Inc. (NYSE:NYX) operates two securities exchanges: the New York Stock Exchange (the “NYSE”) and NYSE Arca (formerly known as the Archipelago Exchange, or ArcaEx®, and the Pacific Exchange). NYSE Group is a leading provider of securities listing, trading and market data products and services. The New York Mercantile Exchange, Inc. (NYMEX) is the world's largest physical commodity futures exchange and the preeminent trading forum for energy and precious metals, with trading conducted through two divisions – the NYMEX Division, home to the energy, platinum, and palladium markets, and the COMEX Division, on which all other metals trade. The SSE Composite Index is an index of all stocks (A shares and B shares) that are traded at the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The CAC-40 Index is a narrow-based, modified capitalization-weighted index of 40 companies listed on the Paris Bourse. The FTSEurofirst 300 Index comprises the 300 largest companies ranked by market capitalization in the FTSE Developed Europe Index. The FTSE 100 Index is a share index of the 100 companies listed on the London Stock Exchange with the highest market capitalization. Established in January 1980, the All Ordinaries is the oldest index of shares in Australia. It is made up of the share prices for 500 of the largest companies listed on the Australian Securities Exchange. The S&P/TSX Composite Index is an index of the stock (equity) prices of the largest companies on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX) as measured by market capitalization. The Hang Seng Index is a free float-adjusted market capitalization-weighted stock market index that is the main indicator of the overall market performance in Hong Kong. The FTSE TWSE Taiwan 50 Index is a capitalization-weighted index of stocks comprising 50 companies listed on the Taiwan Stock Exchange developed by Taiwan Stock Exchange in collaboration with FTSE. The MSCI World Index is a free-float weighted equity index that includes developed world markets and does not include emerging markets. The Mexican Stock Exchange, commonly known as Mexican Bolsa, Mexbol, or BMV, is the only stock exchange in Mexico. The U.S. Dollar Index measures the performance of the U.S. dollar against a basket of six currencies. Additional risks are associated with international investing, such as currency fluctuations, political and economic instability, and differences in accounting standards. This material represents an assessment of the market environment at a specific point in time and is not intended to be a forecast of future events or a guarantee of future results. MarketingPro, Inc. is not affiliated with any person or firm that may be providing this information to you. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional.
1. WSJ.com, November 30, 2021
2. SectorSpdr.com, November 30, 2021
3. Census.gov, 2021
4. BLS.gov, 2021
5. MSCI.com, November 30, 2021
6. MSCI.com, November 30, 2021
7. MSCI.com, November 30, 2021
8. CNBC. November 24, 2021
9. WSJ.com, November 5, 2021
10. CNBC.com, November 16, 2021
11. MarketWatch.com, November 16, 2021
12. CNBC.com, November 17, 2021
13. CNBC.com, November 22, 2021
14. APNews.com, November 24, 2021
15. WSJ.com, November 10, 2021
16. CNBC.com, November 24, 2021
17. FederalReserve.gov, November 24, 2021
18. WSJ.com, November 24, 2021